What is it?
Vertigo affects many people in their lifetime. Some dizziness attacks can be transient and resolve on their own, and others don’t. In some cases the cause of the dizziness can be undiagnosed for several months and go into years. Vertigo is an “umbrella” term for a range of causes and symptoms. Accurate diagnosis needs to be achieved so that the appropriate treatment plan can be implemented.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
BPPV symptoms include dizziness, lightheadedness, loss of balance and nausea. Symptoms can be brought on by a change of position of the head in relation to gravity. In BPPV dizziness is thought to be due to debris that has accumulated within a part of the inner ear. BPPV can initially be brought on by head injury, infection, various ear disorders or degeneration (Hain, 2007). Diagnosis consists of assessment and specialized movement maneuvers conducted by an appropriate health professional. From here, the treatment techniques are selected to help manage the symptoms of BPPV.
Cervicogenic vertigo is dizziness that originates from the structures of the neck. It is thought that perhaps it can be a sympathetic response from joints, muscles, ligaments and nerves. The dizziness can be associated with nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, hearing loss and headaches. It may only last a short time and can be brought on by head movement. Cervicogenic vertigo is suspected when all other causes of the vertigo has been ruled out. Treatment consists of manual therapy to the cervicogenic structures, stretches and exercises (Jull, 2008). Vertigo can be a debilitating condition but with appropriate management symptoms can resolve fully.